VENTURES: Film Tax Tweak Attracts Investors
Recent Western Cape Business News
THE new tax exemption in respect of film, which came into effect in January, should make investing in the local film industry more attractive, says Mariska Peens, partner at Cape Town-based audit, tax and advisory firm Mazars. Which is one reason why numerous investment proposals from filmmakers have crossed her desk since the beginning of the year, she says.
“Filmmakers have sharpened their pencils in light of the new incentive, and there’s a wide range of projects for interested investors,” says Peens.
According to a recent economic impact assessment study commissioned by the Cape Film Commission, the film industry has a direct annual turnover of more than R2.65 billion and contributes an indirect annual turnover of more than R3.5 billion to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
The new incentive, found in Section 12O of the Income Tax Act, eliminates all income tax on film profits for a 10 year period from the time the production becomes marketable. It applies to local productions and co-productions with overseas companies, of feature films, documentaries and animations that have been approved by the National Film and Video Foundation.
South Africa has signed co-production treaties with four countries: Canada, Italy, Germany and the UK. This means that any official co-production is regarded as a national production of each co-producing country, making it eligible for any benefits or programmes of assistance available in either country.
South Africa also has a memorandum of understanding relating to film with India.
The exemption only applies to investors in a film while it is being made. No benefit is available to investors who buy rights to the film after its ready to be marketed.
“The exemption is limited to original investors as they’re the ones taking the risk,” says Peens. It is also limited to income an investor makes from the sale and distribution of the film. It does not apply to any guaranteed income such as a salary that an investor might earn from being directly involved in making the film.
Section 12O replaces Section 24F, which took the form of an up-front allowance for production costs. “The previous regime left the door open for tax schemes, with some investors getting into the business for the sake of the write-offs, as opposed to being genuinely interested in film.” It was also far more onerous for filmmakers in terms of paperwork.
Taxpayers will still be able to claim a limited net loss after two years, but doing so will mean losing the new exemption going forward.
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