BUSINESS: Outlook For SMEs Not As Gloomy As It Appears
Recent Western Cape Business News
The results of recent research and studies into the small and medium enterprise (SME) space in South Africa may be painting an overly gloomy picture of the sector, which is in far better health than these statistics suggest.
That is the view of Christo Botes, Executive Director at Cape Town-based Business Partners Ltd, a specialist risk finance company for SME’s, who says that the actual situation on the ground is far more encouraging than recent studies would suggest.
He suggests that there are a number of factors that may be skewing the negative findings of studies such as the February’s Adcorp Employment Index, which reflects that some 440 000 small businesses closed in SA over the last five years.
“Firstly, when tendering for government contracts at national, provincial and local levels, as well as parastatal companies, it is usually necessary to have a registered company and in the past, businesses also needed to obtain a VAT number. As a result, thousands of companies are registered each year for tender processes, the vast majority of which will be deregistered should they fail to secure the intended contracts.”
He says that another explanation is that the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission cleaned their register of those companies that did not file their normal statutory returns timeously. “Many of these deregistered companies have not been activated again as they were in any case, not trading.” He says that companies that were registered as shelf companies, but never started trading, have also since been deregistered, mainly because of the cost of compliance in submitting returns. It could also be a result of the New Companies Act and requirements to comply to international accounting standards (IFRS), which has resulted in increased cost of compliance. “As such, many businesses operating multi company structures have consolidated their operations and de-registered any unnecessary entities.”
He adds that acquisitions could also be playing a part in skewing the numbers, “As part of many acquisitions, the acquiring company will often choose to wind-up the acquired business and form a new entity that will be protected from any claims that might arise from business dealings before the acquisition. It is important that the correct processes had been followed should such steps be taken.”
He says all these issues are exaggerating the SME closure figures.
Botes says that although the situation isn’t as bad as made out to be, there is definitely room for improvement as SMEs play such an important role in the economy. “The initiatives that both Government and the private sector have implemented so far, such as the Small Enterprise Finance Agency and The Job Fund, could improve the situation, but much more should be done to assist entrepreneurs and SMEs.”
He explains that SMEs need more than just finance to succeed. “They need technical assistance and support in order to grow and flourish into profitable and successful entities. Mentoring and advice to provide skills transfer is also a critical part of the process.”
Botes says that the private sector can play a big role in procurement programmes when it comes to SME growth and assistance. “Big businesses can break down requirements in bite size components and engage with smaller businesses instead of giving the big corporations more business. If SMEs can provide the same product and compete on both price and service levels, they should be considered to fill the necessary contracts. In fact, smaller, owner-managed businesses can often provide services and products at better quality levels and prices than their larger counterparts.”
He says he supports proposals that the BEE codes should be amended in order to include incubator models, whereby businesses are able to score points by running incubators for SMEs that house and nurture new businesses. “In these incubators similar SMEs can share knowledge as well as resources, equipment and premises.
“Government’s 2030 objectives state that 90% of all jobs created should be in the SME space. By pushing initiatives in the SME sector, this objective can be fulfilled. By lowering bureaucracy and barriers to entry as well as facilitating training for entrepreneurs from school and tertiary level entrepreneurs and SMEs will develop and grow from strength to strength,” concludes Botes.
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